This article was originally published in 2015 and has been completely updated in 2020.
Research has found it is very important to connect people’s work with outcomes. When people know their work has a meaningful, positive impact on others, they are happier and much more productive than those who don’t make a connection.
How can a link best be established? Put one person in front of another. Put a recipient in front of a provider, and the beneficial change will happen.
Just being aware of the impact your job has on others can help with motivation. Task significance is a key driver.
Photo: Professor Adam Grant
Studies by Professor Adam Grant from the Wharton Business School in the University of Pennsylvania found even minor face-to-face contact can reinforce that significance. He conducted studies among engineers, salespeople, managers, customer service representatives, doctors, nurses, medical technicians, security guards, police officers and life guards and fire fighters, and found the same broad results.
A couple of examples:
But what if people work in technology industries and don’t have much contact with outsiders? Obviously that is more difficult. But this can be overcome.
An example: a pharmaceutical firm prepares mail-order prescriptions established a system where staff pharmacists rotate periodically into regular pharmacies where they interact with customers. They also began attaching photos of customers to their mail order files to humanize the names on the medical forms and help to minimize processing mistakes.
Professor Grant says, “Everybody has an end user.” In some cases, the end users are internal – internal ‘customers’ – and so the individual can connect with their ‘customers’ on a regular basis.
Even when employees don’t have a direct end user for their outputs, Grant notes they can use corporate philanthropy or corporate social responsibility activities as a substitute. “One option is to give people the chance to take responsibility for personally meaningful, important community service that can be sponsored by the company so they feel they make a difference to the recipients.”
We can participate in this process by helping to humanize the contact between workers and recipients. We can communicate about it beforehand, and can highlight many case studies from the workers’ point of view and the recipients’ point of view. Avenues to do this can include the corporate intranet and website, internal and external newsletters, corporate blogs and many human interest publicity opportunities in local and regional media (assuming the recipients are happy for their story to be told widely), and social media as well. Appropriate staff events and presentations could also be held.
This is a low-cost, win:win:win situation. Employees gain more satisfaction and interest in their job, the employer gets more productivity and the recipients get more support from the process.
Image: World Economic Forum 'COVID Action Platform.' More details in the 'Resources' section below. The effects of the catastrophic COVID-19
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