Are we communicators or PR practitioners?
The most detailed study of its kind ever undertaken has confirmed that people shrink from using ‘public relations’ in their job title. Analysis of all the member records of the Public Relations Institute of Australia (PRIA) in 2009 found that only 6.4% of members used ‘public relations’ in their job title.
The most common PR job titles
The most common term in member job titles, used by 28% of members, was ‘communication’ or ‘communications.’
Reflecting the huge range of activities that come under the umbrella term of ‘public relations,’ the study found that 419 different job titles were used by the 1,929 active members…variety is what the profession is about!
A PR student, Anika Dixon, conducted the analysis under my supervision at Edith Cowan University in Western Australia. Anika analyzed the current national list of active members of the PRIA, which was kindly made available with individual names deleted for privacy reasons.
She cleaned up the anomalies in the raw data, eg where the member doesn’t give their job title or is a student member. This reduced the list from 2,099 active members to 1,929.
(The PRIA originally provided a list of 9,000 people who have been members over the past 15-20 years; although past information was tempting to include, there were too many complications to make it workable. For example where the same job had been held by successive members over time, the list would have duplicated the job title information. Therefore the study only considered current members.)
The PRIA estimates its members comprise about 25-30% of the total number of professional communicators in Australia. Therefore, the sample size is large enough to be considered representative of the profession nationally.
Renewing the debate on whether ‘public relations’ is a suitable name for our profession
The findings of the study revive questions about why we persist with ‘public relations’ as the umbrella term for our profession. This topic is hardly new. It caused a huge split in the United States, where membership in the profession is split between the Public Relations Society of America (22,000 members, established in 1947) and the International Association of Business Communicators (15,500 members, established in 1970.) As I understand it, the IABC was formed largely because members didn’t want to be associated with the PRSA, in which the ‘Public Relations’ in their title had so many negative connotations.
The international peak body of our profession calls it both ways: its title is The Global Alliance for Public Relations and Communication Management.