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People are skeptical of corporate environmental claims
By Kim Harrison,
Consultant, Author and Principal of www.cuttingedgepr.com
Holmes Report 1 April 2012
Around 80% of Americans don’t believe companies are addressing all of their environmental impacts, and only 44% trust companies’ green claims. And that skepticism may affect sales; as many as 77% would be willing to boycott if misled, according to the 2012 Cone Green Gap Trend Tracker.
American consumers expect companies to address the full environmental impact of a product’s lifecycle, from the impacts associated with manufacturing the product (90%), to using it (88%), to disposing of it (89%). And although 69% of American consumers routinely or sometimes consider the environment when making a purchasing decision, they are influenced most by end-of-life messages.
Around 42% say they are most influenced by messaging related to the environmental impact of disposing of a product, 33% are most influenced by messages about using a product and 25% are most influenced by messages about the making a product.
“The emphasis on disposal is not surprising considering it’s an area in which consumers feel they have a responsibility and have control over what they do with products after use,” said Jonathan Yohannan, Cone Communications’ executive vice president of corporate responsibility. “However, what most consumers don’t know is that for many product categories, disposal may represent the least significant aspect of a product’s impact. There’s an opportunity for companies to reframe the discussion and educate consumers about what they’re doing to reduce a product’s impacts across the supply chain.”
Consumers are less inclined to do their own homework on the environmental impacts of a company’s products. Instead, 73% of consumers want companies to provide more environmental information on the product packaging to help inform their shopping decisions. And most consumers (71%) wish companies would do a better job helping them understand the environmental terms they use to talk about their products and services.
Further clarity is needed because more than half of consumers continue to erroneously believe that common environmental marketing terms such as “green” or “environmentally friendly” mean a product has a positive (36%) or neutral (18%) impact on the environment. Fewer consumers were able to correctly identify these terms as meaning the product has a lighter impact than other similar products (25%) or less than it used to (3%).
The messages consumers want most, it seems, are those that are precise. When purchasing a product with an environmental benefit, consumers cited a symbol or certification (81%) and a message with specific data or outcomes (80%) as most influential in their decision to buy. For 73%, a more general environmental statement, such as ‘uses less water’ is influential.
“Companies are making great strides in setting and achieving environmental goals, but if they are not communicating to consumers in a highly visible way – including the precious on-pack or in-store real estate – the messages may not get through,” said Yohannan. “Consumers are listening, but they are not necessarily seeking out this type of information. The onus is on companies to actively provide it in language and places the consumer will understand.”
Green stigmas persist when it comes to consumers’ decisions not to purchase products with an environmental benefit. Around 42% of Americans have been discouraged from buying because they believed it cost more than the traditional product, and a third believed the environmentally preferred product would not be of equal quality. Other barriers include:
“Now is the time to tell stories and connect the dots about the full impact of a product and the consumer’s role in the process.”
About the Author
Kim Harrison is a recognized authority in the public relations field. His website, www.cuttingedgepr.com, provides a wealth of informative articles and resources on public relations techniques and management.
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