Career Boosting Newsletter

Sign up now to receive your free subscription to the Cutting Edge PR e-News newsletter, packed with cutting-edge news and information specifically for PR people. You can unsubscribe at any time.

* = required

Current Newsletter

To view the current issue of Cutting Edge PR e-News, click here.

Free Articles

A great resource for learning more about key areas of public relations practice, which will help your career path. You can read about the following topics:
PR plans
PR and the internet
PR ethics
Employee communication
Change communication
Employee recognition
Crisis communication
PR management
Media relations
Event management
Corporate reputation
Core PR skills
Marketing communication
Communication measurement
Speeches and presentation
Investor relations
Visual communication

Browse free articles


"Kim, just wanted to say thanks for a fantastically informative site."

Paula Hanson


Read our testimonials

Early warning tools to identify potential issues and crises

By Kim Harrison,

Consultant, Author and Principal of

More than 60% of corporate crises have been smoldering – they should have been identified and precautions or responses planned well before they hit. Crises might be a surprise, but they don't just strike without warning. Issues that could become crises can generally be identified easily. Several sensible techniques give early warning of possible issues that can lead to crises.

What's more, 80% of crises are caused internally – by actions or inactions of management (50%) or other employees (30%). Monitoring mechanisms can improve this situation.

Several sensible techniques can give early warning of possible issues that can lead to crises. These are very easy ways to monitor your internal and external operating environment and keep senior management alerted to possible serious problems. These techniques are a great way to strengthen perceptions of the communication role at the same time.

Market research

When budgets allow, information gained from market research is an important way of identifying issues and their importance. However, formal market research is costly and only suited to large programs.

On the other hand, smaller market research projects are feasible by piggybacking questions onto an 'omnibus' survey, which market research firms conduct on behalf of several clients simultaneously. This spreads the cost among several clients.

Another option is to conduct your own surveys using software such as SurveyMonkey. Just ensure you have a sufficiently large mailing list. This type of survey has the advantage of being linked to electronic direct mail such as emailed newsletters you might be sending to a list. Also, pop-ups can be arranged so the visitors to your website can be prompted to participate in the survey every time they visit your site. Although this can be bothersome to visitors, apparently it does work quite well, especially if participants are offered a reward for participating.

Media monitoring

Media monitoring is the obvious technique to monitor the operating environment. You can appoint a monitoring service to do this, although the service can quickly run out of control unless you brief very carefully. Such monitoring can pick up many irrelevant items and fail to pick up significant ones. This can cause you to spend much unnecessary time in manual follow up to the results.

A free alternative is to set up Google Alerts to pick up web coverage of topics.

And, of course, you should be scanning relevant news media yourself, including local and national newspapers, news websites, and business and industry magazines. Also, you could keep an eye on television news in the evenings. You might be able to spread the load with colleagues on this. In addition to news, all these sources are important for sparking ideas for related feature items. For instance, scanning travel and lifestyle features in newspapers can be hugely fruitful for adapting specific angles for your purposes. Plus this scanning gives you a general feel for what is covered in these items.

There are many ways to monitor coverage in social media as well. One increasingly important part of a company's strategic early warning system is sniffing signals in social media. More on that in another newsletter.

Listening at events

Listening is a key skill in this age that tends to be submerged under the constant need to send out key messages. Try listening to this TED talk on…listening. The same skill can be applied in an issues management identification approach at events in which your organization is involved.

A community, school or other similar activity creates a great opportunity to interact with stakeholders. Attending such activities with them provides common ground, which is key to gaining their trust. They are more likely to talk forthrightly and honestly with you.

Meet key stakeholders

It is important for organizations to have periodic meetings with various key stakeholders such as politicians, industry leaders and even competitors. Such occasions should be treated as vital because they create the opportunity to gain some feedback about how your organization is viewed by the specific stakeholder and by others whose views the stakeholder may claim to represent. The occasions also enable personal relationships to be strengthened and common issues to be discussed.

Current or pending changes in government action can shift the basis of competition or make it easier for entrants to an industry. The government is often portrayed as an inhibitor to innovation, but many commercial innovations, including the internet, mobile technologies, and countless lifesaving drugs, emanated from government research. When governments change the rules, or focus their huge buying power in new directions, organizations need to understand and act. Keeping close to government stakeholders will help to identify such changes.

Are your employees listening as well as advocating?

Employees are your key stakeholder group. Research shows that cultivating strong relationships with employees produces strong organizational performance. Therefore it is crucial to pay attention to employee views expressed at social functions, where they are likely to relax and offer their sincere opinions based on what they perceive at the frontline level about customers and competitors. This helps you to understand changing customer preferences and habits due to changing technologies and social standards.

In many cases supplier comments to your employees will give important insights into trends such as new technology advances by established and new competitors. Such feedback from interactions at work and at functions and other gatherings enables you to learn of emerging issues.

Regulatory interaction

Companies in various industries, particularly those affecting the environment, are obliged by law and by regulation to consult with local communities. This obliges them to interact with a wide range of stakeholders, informing them of intended operations and asking them a range of questions. Apart from the matter under question, this process creates the early opportunity to further identify any potential issues significant to the organization.

What people are saying about your competitors

Stakeholder feedback in the public arena about your competitors is a valuable early warning tool for your organization. Such feedback may emerge in publicly available documents such as community response to projects that affect the environment. Such feedback may be unreliable and unrepresentative, but perceptions can cause more damage to reputation than facts.

Feedback about competitors is valuable because it gives insights into what stakeholders may also think about your organization for you to act upon. You can establish networks of key employees who can give this type of information to you.

Organizations need to do more than analyze early warning signals. They need to make sure they organize and act in ways that maximize their chances of responding accordingly. And they need to recognize that, all too often, the right time to start is before they feel the need to respond. Good early warning systems can provide the information to help inform these decisions.

About the Author

Kim Harrison is a recognized authority in the public relations field. His website,, provides a wealth of informative articles and resources on public relations techniques and management.


Click here to go to the Free Articles Index